Faith and Christianity

Passover and Easter

I’m doing my annual review of the timing of these events at the time of Jesus’ crucifixion, death and resurrection.

Note 2018 is a particularly curious year, in that Easter, AKA Resurrection Sunday falls on April 1st, no kidding, that’s April Fools Day.

Might be a good word study on the word “fool” in the Bible…

189 Verses Found, 325 Matches

But we will skip that for now.

Also, there is a whole body of discussion about the Greek word and why the KJV translators when they translated the account in the time of King Herod and call it Easter. This is beyond our discussion today. Easter is the correct word in Acts 12:4 and this is why.

The Greek word is:

πάσχα pascha

Which is translated only once in the NT KJV curiously as Easter not Passover.

In Hebrew it’s: פּסח pesach

Acts 12:4  And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people.

The Apostles Creed states:

4. Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead and buried: He descended into hell:

5. The third day he rose again from the dead:

And Paul writes how important this is:

1Co 15:14  And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

1Co 15:15  Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.

1Co 15:16  For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:

1Co 15:17  And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.

So as you read the following the important point is not to be distracted from the above truths, the key facts are all consistently witnessed in the Word…even the timing, the only thing being discussed is the apparent (there are no real ones) contradiction on whether the last supper was a Passover.

Here are the Biblical texts…

I think I got them all..

The John one stands out as different…speaking of the Jews intending on being able to celebrate the Passover…not yet happening.

The other three Gospels are clearly Jesus celebrating Passover.

Are these two suppers? Are the Matthew, Mark and Luke accounts a special Passover Jesus does since he knows he will not live to celebrate the actual Passover mentioned in John. After the texts I will give links to articles that perhaps reconcile this.

The key might also be here:

Joh 13:1  Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.

Joh 13:2  And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him;

This seems to imply a special “Passover” like supper, and modeled after the Passover, that Jesus desired and held with his disciples….one day early, or were there actually two Passover’s. But I like better the Option 4 interpretation given in the last article below. In brief it says;

OPTION #4: There were two calendars for the Pharisees and the Sadducees.

We hold to this final view. It states that the Jews celebrated the Passover on two consecutive days. Hoehner writes, “The Pharisees celebrated the Passover immediately (Nisan 13/14) while the Sadducees waited until the usual time (i.e., Nisan 14/15).”[2] Jesus celebrated the Passover on Thursday night according to the Pharisaic calendar, which is in line with the Synoptics. But John was going off of the Sadducean calendar, when he wrote his gospel, because he was focusing on Jesus’ enemies……

Read all the verses in their context. What do you think? Then read some common interpretations.

To start with here are the verses in the OT related to the timing of Passover:

Lev 23:5  In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover.

Num 9:5  And they kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at even in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel.

Num 28:16  And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD.

Jos 5:10  And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho.

2Ch 30:15  Then they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the second month: and the priests and the Levites were ashamed, and sanctified themselves, and brought in the burnt offerings into the house of the LORD.

2Ch 35:1  Moreover Josiah kept a passover unto the LORD in Jerusalem: and they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month.

Ezr 6:19  And the children of the captivity kept the passover upon the fourteenth day of the first month.

Eze 45:21  In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.

Num 33:3  And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.

Mat 26:17  Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?

Mat 26:18  And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.

Mar 14:12  And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?

Mar 14:13  And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him.

Mar 14:14  And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

Mar 14:15  And he will shew you a large upper room furnished and prepared: there make ready for us.

Mar 14:16  And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

Mar 14:17  And in the evening he cometh with the twelve.

Luk 22:1  Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.

Luk 22:2  And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

Luk 22:3  Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.

Luk 22:4  And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

Luk 22:5  And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.

Luk 22:6  And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.

Luk 22:7  Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.

Luk 22:8  And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.

Luk 22:9  And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?

Luk 22:10  And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.

Luk 22:11  And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

Luk 22:12  And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.

Luk 22:13  And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

Luk 22:14  And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

Luk 22:15  And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

Luk 22:16  For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

Luk 22:17  And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:

Luk 22:18  For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.

Luk 22:19  And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

Luk 22:20  Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

Luk 22:21  But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table.

Luk 22:22  And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed!

Luk 22:23  And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

Joh 12:1  Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.

John 18:3  Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

John 18:10  Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.

Joh 18:12  Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,

Joh 18:13  And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.

Joh 18:14  Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

Joh 18:28  Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

Joh 18:39  But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

Joh 19:14  And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

Again to keep these short I pulled some out of context, it’s probably good to go back to your bible’s and read the whole accounts.

I used the KJV.

Here are three links that comment on the apparent contradiction:

This one from a Biola site is short and simple but I rather think it is weak.

The second has lot’s of detail discussions and leads one to the third link.

I found also the Option 4 in this third link to be curious, it’s source is said to be a NT Professor who taught at Dallas, Harold Walter Hoehner (January 12, 1935 – February 12, 2009) was an American biblical scholar and was professor of New Testament studies at Dallas Theological Seminary. Wikipedia

Ok, that’s about as far as I can go…lot’s of other stuff on the web but these seem to cover the discussion. But as I said up front don’t miss the key truths which are know and properly witnesses for our benefit.

1 thought on “Passover and Easter”

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