M'Cheyne Bible Reading Notes

Job 25 – I love this chapter….

I always like arriving back at Job 25 in my 10 Lists reading cycle. This us my 12th time.

Job 25:1  Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,

Job 25:2  Dominion and fear are with him, he maketh peace in his high places.

Job 25:3  Is there any number of his armies? and upon whom doth not his light arise?

Job 25:4  How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean that is born of a woman?

Job 25:5  Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not; yea, the stars are not pure in his sight.

Job 25:6  How much less man, that is a worm? and the son of man, which is a worm?


This is one of the shortest chapters in the Bible, 1st Place honor goes to Psalm 117, which is just 2 verses. 


Psa 117:1  O praise the LORD, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people.

Psa 117:2  For his merciful kindness is great toward us: and the truth of the LORD endureth for ever. Praise ye the LORD.


These are the sound bites in the Bible, perfectly scaled to the 21th century mind!

Note even from Bildad the problematic advisor friend of Job, we get substantial truth, God is sovereign, and wisdom does start and end with a healthy Bible based fear of him, and there is no way for man to justify himself before God. Btw for an interesting word study, look up the KJV use of the word worm! Seem some helps below.


Psalm 117 tells us of God’s great mercy. This is a message we read earlier in Roman’s 5.


Rom 5:8  But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.


Follow up on the prolific worm word. Note this may be skipped, it gets quite long.


Actually, two words used in Job 25.

(KJV+)  How much less H637 H3588  man, H582  that is a worm? H7415  and the son H1121  of man, H120  which is a worm? H8438

H7415 רמּה rimmâh rim-maw’ From H7426 in the sense of breeding (compare H7311); a maggot (as rapidly bred), literally or figuratively: – worm.

H8438 תּלעת    תּולעת    תּולעה    תּולע tôlâ‛  tôlê‛âh  tôla‛ath  tôla‛ath to-law’, to-lay-aw’, (3,4) to-lah’-ath From H3216; a maggot (as voracious); specifically (often with ellipsis of H8144) the crimson grub, but used only (in this connection) of the color from it, and cloths dyed therewith: – crimson, scarlet, worm.


H7415 רמּה rimmâh Total KJV Occurrences: 7

worm, 5

Exo 16:24Job 17:14Job 24:20Job 25:6Isa 14:11

worms, 2

Job 7:5Job 21:26

H8438 תּולע / תּלעת / תּולעת / תּולעה tôlâ‛ / tôlê‛âh / tôla‛ath Total KJV Occurrences: 42

scarlet, 33

Exo 25:3-4 (2), Exo 26:1Exo 26:31Exo 26:36Exo 27:16Exo 28:5-6 (2), Exo 28:8Exo 28:15Exo 28:33Exo 35:6Exo 35:23Exo 35:25Exo 35:35Exo 36:8Exo 36:35Exo 36:37Exo 38:18Exo 38:23Exo 39:1-3 (3), Exo 39:5Exo 39:8Exo 39:24Exo 39:29Lev 14:4Lev 14:6Lev 14:49Lev 14:51-52 (2), Num 4:8Num 19:6

worm, 5

Psa 22:6 (3), Isa 41:14Isa 66:24Jon 4:7

worms, 3

Exo 16:20Deu 28:39Isa 14:11

crimson, 1

Isa 1:18

The NT Greek has…

Mar 9:44  Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

Mar 9:46  Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

Mar 9:48  Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

Act 12:23  And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

Rev 8:11  And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

G4663

σκώληξ

skōlēx

Thayer Definition:

1) a worm, spec. that kind which preys upon dead bodies

Part of Speech: noun masculine

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: of uncertain derivation

G4662

σκωληκόβρωτος

skōlēkobrōtos

Thayer Definition:

1) eaten of worms

Part of Speech: adjective

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G4663 and a derivative of G977

G894

ἄψινθος

apsinthos

Thayer Definition:

1) wormwood

2) the name of a star which fell into the waters and made them bitter

Part of Speech: noun feminine

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: of uncertain derivation

This last word is found in the OT also in these verses.

KJV Search Results

7 Verses Found, 7 Matches

Deu 29:18  Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood;

Pro 5:4  But her end is bitter as wormwood, sharp as a twoedged sword.

Jer 9:15  Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, even this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink.

Jer 23:15  Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the water of gall: for from the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land.

Lam 3:15  He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath made me drunken with wormwood.

Lam 3:19  Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall.

Amo 5:7  Ye who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth,

The Hebrew word is also used to mean hemlock, in Amo 6:12

Amo 6:12  Shall horses run upon the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:

This is serious stuff since the ultimate false teaching will turn the truth or even the fruit of righteousness into poison!

H3939 לענה la‛ănâh lah-an-aw’

From an unused root supposed to mean to cursewormwood (regarded as poisonous, and therefore accursed): – hemlock, wormwood. 

BDB Definition:

1) wormwood

1a) bitterness (metaphorically)

A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: from an unused root supposed to mean to curse

Gill writes..for ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock; that which would be beneficial to a nation, than which nothing is more so, as the exercise of justice, and judgment, into that which is bitter and pernicious to it, as injustice and oppression; see Amo 5:7.

Amos 5:7

Ye who turn judgment to wormwood,…. This seems to be spoken to kings and judges, as Aben Ezra and Kimchi observe; in whose hands is the administration of justice, and who often pervert it, as these did here addressed and complained of; that which was the most useful and salubrious, and so the most desirable to the commonwealth, namely, just judgment, was changed into the reverse, what was as bitter and as disagreeable as wormwood; or “hemlock”, as it might be rendered, and as it is in Amo 6:12; even injustice:

and leave off righteousness in the earth; leave off doing it among men: or rather, “leave it on the earth” (c); who cast it down to the ground, trampled upon it, and there left it; which is expressive not only of their neglect, but of their contempt of it; see Dan 8:12.

(c) הניחו “in terram prosterunt”, Piscator; “justitiam in terram reliquerunt, i.e. humi prosternitis et deseritis”, Mercerus; “collocantes humi”, Junius & Tremellius.

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