There is again much to comment upon in this chapter. You can listen to it here:
Luk 19:16 Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds.
Luk 19:17 And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.
Luk 19:18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds.
Luk 19:19 And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.
Luk 19:20 And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:
Luk 19:21 For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst not sow.
Luk 19:22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:
Luk 19:23 Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury?
Old John Gill writes better commentary than I can….
and delivered them ten pounds; every one a pound:
Implying that returns vary, and not all earnings and rewards are equal…though else where Jesus does reinforce God’s sovereignty…in paying his workers more than a fair wage if he so desires to so do.
Mat 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
So in Luke we see returns of ten fold (1,000%), five fold (500%), even down to at least a fair usury, or interest, which probably in those days was a bit higher than our small returns today.
the מנה, “Maneh”, or pound of the Hebrews, if of gold, which contained an hundred drachmas, was of the value of our money, “seventy five pounds”; if of silver, the old “Maneh”, or pound, which contained sixty shekels, Eze 45:12 amounted to “seven pounds ten shillings”; but the “Maneh”, or pound, mentioned in the Misna (k), and which was in use in our Lord’s time, contained an hundred pence, and was of the value of our money, “three pounds two shillings and six pence”: and by these pounds are designed, not special grace; for they intend not any thing wrought in these servants, but something delivered to them, and what might be taken away again, which cannot be said of special grace; and besides, it is certain, that one of these servants that had the pound, was destitute of that: but gifts are meant, and these not merely natural, or the gifts of providence, as health, riches, wisdom, &c. nor only the outward means of grace, as the word and ordinances, but ministerial gifts, which are the greatest in the church, and are therefore signified by pounds; and are what may be improved or neglected, and be lost or taken away; and for which those that have them, are accountable: but though each of these servants are represented, as having every man a pound delivered to him, this must not be understood, as if the gifts of ministers were equal and alike, any more than the inequality of their rewards proves degrees in glory; for which sometimes this parable is produced:
and said unto him, occupy; negotiate, or trade, that is, with the pounds; make use of the ministerial gifts, exercise them, lay them out, and trade with them: the ministry is a trade and merchandise, to be carried on, not in the name of the ministers of Christ, nor on their own stock, nor for themselves, but for Christ, and for the good of souls; which shows, that they must not be slothful, but laborious and diligent:
till I come: which suggests the certainty of Christ’s coming, the continuance of the Gospel ministry to that time; and that there is no rest nor ease for Christ’s ministers, but a continued series of labour and service, until then; when, for their encouragement, they shall receive their reward.
Btw, earlier in the chapter we also saw that when the effectual call comes upon one who has made their fortune by cheating and sinning, that the desire for repentance can also come upon them.
Luk 19:1 And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.
Luk 19:2 And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
Luk 19:3 And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the press, because he was little of stature.
Luk 19:4 And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.
Luk 19:5 And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day I must abide at thy house.
Luk 19:6 And he made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully.
Luk 19:7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.
Luk 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.
Luk 19:9 And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.
Luk 19:10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
Perhaps go back and reread chapter 15….and John 6.