Devotional Readings, M'Cheyne Bible Reading Notes

Psalm 72 – But a greater than Solomon is here; that the Messiah is the subject of it is manifest from the largeness of his kingdom….

These are words not read frequently….

Eze 24:9  Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the bloody city! I will even make the pile for fire great.

Eze 24:10  Heap on wood, kindle the fire, consume the flesh, and spice it well, and let the bones be burned.

If this was all the Bible said all would be lost.

But we have a good message…

Give the King Your Justice

Psa 72:1  A Psalm for Solomon. Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king’s son.

Psa 72:2  He shall judge thy people with righteousness, and thy poor with judgment.

Psa 72:3  The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness.

Psa 72:4  He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

Psa 72:5  They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations.

Psa 72:6  He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers that water the earth.

Psa 72:7  In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.

Psa 72:8  He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth.

Psa 72:9  They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust.

Psa 72:10  The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.

Psa 72:11  Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him.

Psa 72:12  For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and him that hath no helper.

Psa 72:13  He shall spare the poor and needy, and shall save the souls of the needy.

Psa 72:14  He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight.

Psa 72:15  And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of Sheba: prayer also shall be made for him continually; and daily shall he be praised.

Psa 72:16  There shall be an handful of corn in the earth upon the top of the mountains; the fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon: and they of the city shall flourish like grass of the earth.

Psa 72:17  His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be continued as long as the sun: and men shall be blessed in him: all nations shall call him blessed.

Psa 72:18  Blessed be the LORD God, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things.

Psa 72:19  And blessed be his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled with his glory; Amen, and Amen.

Psa 72:20  The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.

Gill overviews this chapter….

Psalms 72

INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 72

A Psalm for Solomon. The title of this psalm is by some rendered, “a psalm of Solomon” (h); as a psalm לדוד, “for David”, is often rendered “a psalm of David”; and so make Solomon to be the writer of it: to which the Targum inclines, which paraphrases it,

“by the hand of Solomon, said in prophecy.”

But, though Solomon had a gift of divine poetry, as appears by the Song of Songs, composed by him; and the Thousand and Five, he was the author of; and perhaps wrote the hundred twenty seventh Psalm: yet by the first and last verses of this psalm it may be concluded it was not written by him, but by David; and very likely at the close of his days, when he ordered Solomon to be anointed king, and expressed his satisfaction in it; his prayers and wishes then being ended with regard to that affair; see 1Ki 1:34. And so the title in the Syriac version is,

“a psalm of David, when he made Solomon king:”

the same Kimchi observes; it was written for him, and on his account: and it might be sent to him, and delivered into his hands, to be laid up and kept by him, and be referred to for his use at proper times. For it may be rendered, as in the Arabic version, “to Solomon”; which adds, the son of David: or else it may denote the subject of the psalm, and be read, “concerning Solomon” (i); the Messiah, the antitypical Solomon; who is often called by this name in the Song of Songs; see Son 3:7; Solomon being a type of him in his wisdom and riches, and in the peaceableness and extent of his kingdom; to which reference is had in this psalm. But a greater than Solomon is here; that the Messiah is the subject of it is manifest from the largeness of his kingdom, it reaching to the ends of the earth; which was not true of Solomon, Psa 72:8; and from the duration of it, it being as long as the sun and moon endure, Psa 72:5; and from the abundance of peace and prosperity in it, which equally last, Psa 72:3; and from the subjection of kings and nations to him, even all of them, Psa 72:9; and from the happiness of his subjects; they having protection, deliverance, and salvation by him, and all spiritual blessings in him; which shows him to be the promised seed, in whom all nations should be blessed, Psa 72:2, and from the honour, praise, glory, and blessedness, ascribed to him, Psa 72:15. So Tertullian (k), long ago, observed, that this psalm belongs to Christ, and not to Solomon. And that the Messiah is intended, many of the Jewish writers, both ancient and modern, acknowledge, as appears from the Targum, Talmud, Midrash, and other writings, which will be observed in the exposition of it. Jarchi, though he interprets it of Solomon, yet owns that their Rabbins expound the whole psalm of the Messiah: and Kimchi, who explains it hyperbolically of Solomon, acknowledges that, in the proper and literal sense, it is to be understood of the Messiah; and which is the sense given by his father, R. Joseph Kimchi. Aben Ezra says, this psalm is either concerning Solomon, or concerning the Messiah; but Abarbinel (l) makes no doubt that it is said concerning him. R. Obadiah says, it is concerning the coming of the Messiah; and to this agrees the title in the Syriac version,

“and a prophecy concerning the coming of the Messiah, and the calling of the Gentiles.”

(h) לשלמה “ipsius Selomoh”, Vatablus; Salomonis, Cocceius. (i) “De Salomone”, Muis. (k) Adv. Marcion. l. 5. c. 9. (l) Mashmiah Jeshuah, fol. 78. 2, 3.

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